2016-2019. Why Cooperate. Funding: ANR, ANR-15-CE32-Whycooperate. Principal Investigator: Claire Doutrelant (CEFE). Project members: Rita Covas, Arnaud Grégoire, Franck Théron, Sophie Lardy, Arnaud Tognetti, André Ferreira, Fanny Rybak, Bruno Faivre.

2016-2018. Assessing the role of direct benefits in the evolution of cooperation. Funding: FCT, PTDC/BIA-EVF/5249/2014. Principal Investigator: Rita Covas (CIBIO). Project members: Claire Doutrelant, Franck Théron, Sophie Lardy, Arnaud Tognetti, André Ferreira.

2016-2017. Determining the role of cytonuclear coevolution and coadaptation in massive mitochondrial DNA introgression. Funding: Conférence des Présidents d’Université (CPU) and Conselho de Reitores das Universidades Portuguesas (CRUP) in the frame of PAUILF programme. Principal Investigators: Pierre Boursot (ISEM) and José Melo-Ferreira (CIBIO). Project members: Fernando Seixas (CIBIO and ISEM), Paulo C. Alves (CIBIO).

Since 2008. Cooperation and population dynamics in the Sociable Weaver. Funding: DST-NRF Centre of Excellence at the Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town. Principal Investigator: Rita Covas (CIBIO). Project members: Claire Doutrelant, Franck Théron, Sophie Lardy, Arnaud Tognetti, André Ferreira.

2013-2017. HybridAdapt – Hybridization, adaptation and historical demography: a population genomics study. Co- funded by FCT and ANR: FCT, FCT-ANR/BIA-EVF/0250/2012; ANR, ANR-12-ISV7-0002-01. Principal Investigators: Paulo Célio Alves (CIBIO) and Pierre Boursot (ISEM). Project members: Rita Campos (CIBIO), Miguel Carneiro (CIBIO), Miguel M. Fonseca (CIBIO), José Melo-Ferreira (CIBIO), Khalid Belkhir (ISEM), François Bonhomme (ISEM), Pierre Caminade (ISEM), Rémy Dernat (ISEM), Carole Smadja (ISEM).

2012-2016. Cooperation— Towards an understanding of cooperation in an African passerine bird. Funding: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-Marie Curie-IRSES: 318994. Project coordinator: Rita Covas (CIBIO). Project members: Claire Doutrelant (CEFE), Matthieu Paquet (CEFE).

2013-2015. A comparative study of parasite pressure, immunity and sexual ornaments between island and mainland birds. Funding: FCT, FEDER, PTDC/BIA-BIC/4556/2012. Principal investigator: Elisa Lobato (CIBIO). Project members: Rita Covas (CIBIO), Martim Melo (CIBIO), Claire Doutrelant (CEFE, CIBIO).

2013-2015. Molecular and population genetic signatures of cytonuclear interactions: the Podarcis model. Funding: FCT, FEDER, EXPL/BIA-EVF/1283/2012. Principal investigator: Catarina Pinho (CIBIO). Project members: Daniele Salvi (CIBIO), Pierre-André Crochet (CEFE), Philippe Geniez (CEFE), François Rousset (ISEM).

2013-2015. DESERTFLOW – Assessing gene flow and contact zone dynamics in desert lizards under climate change scenarios. Funding: FCT, FEDER, PTDC/BIA-BIC/2903/2012. Principal investigator: José Carlos Brito (CIBIO). Project member: Pierre-André Crochet (CEFE).

2013-2014. HybridCoop – Hybridization and adaptation in Iberian hares. Funding: FCT, Campus France, PESSOA Program of Cooperation between France and Portugal. Principal Investigators: José Melo-Ferreira (CIBIO), Pierre Boursot (ISEM). Project members: Paulo Célio Alves (CIBIO), Fernando Seixas (CIBIO, ISEM).

2011-2014. Assessing the functional implications of mitochondrial DNA introgression in hares. Funding: FCT, FEDER, PTDC/BIA-EVF/111931/2009. Principal investigator: José Melo-Ferreira (CIBIO/UP). Project members: Paulo Célio Alves (CIBIO), Rita Campos (CIBIO), Miguel M. Fonseca (CIBIO) and Pierre Boursot (ISEM).

2011-2014. CRYPSIS – Genetic determination and evolution of seasonal phenotype variation of coat-colour in boreal species. Funding: FCT, FEDER, PTDC/BIA-EVF/115069/2009. Principal investigator: Paulo Célio Alves (CIBIO). Project members: José Melo-Ferreira (CIBIO) and Miguel Carneiro (CIBIO). Consultant: Pierre Boursot (ISEM).